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Studley Green - High Wycombe
Vertigo, the sensation that the room is spinning around you, can have many causes. One of the most common is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo or BPPV. This condition causes calcium particles (otoconia) which are naturally produced and housed in the inner ear to become dislodged and move into one of the three semi-circular canals of the ear. The semi-circular canals are an important part of the vestibular system which contributes to maintaining balance.
People with BPPV will find changes in head position, such as turning over in bed or tipping the head back to look upwards, triggers most episodes of vertigo. Although the vertigo can be frightening and unpleasant, each episode should only last for a few seconds to a few minutes. People may experience multiple episodes of vertigo, which can be accompanied by nausea, vomiting and unusual eye movements.
Based on the description of symptoms, as well as a thorough neurological examination, a diagnosis will be made.
BPPV is easily treated using the Epley Manoeuvre. This manoeuvre uses a series of changes to head-positioning which encourages the calcium particles to reposition themselves in a non-reactive part of the ear. Epley Manoeuvre has a 90% immediate success rate for most patients. Repeating the manoeuvre on a second visit will help resolve the BPPV in another 5%.
If BPPV is not the cause of your problem, an appropriate referral letter will be provided instead to direct you to the most appropriate healthcare professional.